Antoni Gaudí grew up during the socalled Catalan Renaissance (la Renaixença). The use of the word renaissance alludes to the fact that the people of Catalonia wanted to revive the greatness of the Catalan Middle Ages - a period where Catalonia was an independent super power in the Mediterranean area. In this moment, Catalonia experienced economic prosperity, that primarily was due to the growing industrialization of Catalonia. The economic and cultural climate created perfect conditions for a renewal within the arts and architecture, that goes under the name of modernismo (in catalan: modernisme). The heyday of the middle ages and gothic architecture were the most important sources for the architects and artists at the end of the 19th century.

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